There’s a worldwide fascination in CEOs and I’ve been particularly keen to meet Michael Jordaan, CEO of FNB, which is just outpacing all other SA banks in reputation, innovation and customer-centric offerings.
As CapeInfo prepares to launch its online marketing courses, we’re even keener to discover what’s at the root of winning brands. Michael Jordaan (or MJ as he’s widely known) epitomises corporate leaders who lead from the front, in the same vein as Richard Branson and Raymond Ackerman.
If one is going to be disappointed in the flesh, it’s because he almost seems too nice. I met him at FNB’s Bankcity corporate HQ – a complex conceived and built in Johannesburg’s downtown during the late 1980s and early 1990s, when other corporate HQs were moving to Johannesburg’s more genteel, northern suburbs. He arrived at our meeting in shirt sleeves, without a tie. There’s none of the arrogance, ego and manic drive one so frequently associates with CEOs. Yet there is the passion for banking combined with a love for technology. “I love my job. I’ve said I’d be happy to work for nothing,” he says. (If there’s a comparison here to Apple’s Steve Jobs famously working for $1 a year, it’s misleading.) In this case, “too nice” is a compliment.
Michael does have charisma but it’s wrapped in humility. He’s comfortable with himself and puts others at ease. He’s not assertive and presents concepts easily and with clarity.
A Stellenbosch boy
Where does he come from? “I’m a Stellenbosch boy. I went to Paul Roos and did all my studies at the University of Stellenbosch. That includes a Ph.D. in Economics focusing on Banking Supervision. There was never any doubt that he would follow a banking career, because numbers and finance held his interest from his earliest school days.
More recently, he’s gone back to his Stellenbosch roots with the purchase of a wine farm there. His grandfather bought Bartinney in 1952 and Michael was very disappointed when his father sold it about 15 years ago. It had become part of his roots and heritage. When the farm came back onto the market about 6 years ago, Michael and his wife – also from Stellenbosch – decided to buy it back.
After trying to run it from Johannesburg with a manager on the farm, they found it just wasn’t working. Over a bottle of red wine and dinner at a restaurant one night, Rose suggested that she and the children move to Stellenbosch to run the farm. “So I’m the silent partner. I can make suggestions but they aren’t always followed, and I do make the internet banking transfers each month,” he jokes.
He’s joined a long list of business leaders who spend their weeks in Johannesburg and their weekends in the Cape. He says all he does is “work and sleep” but Rose tells another story: “When he’s in Johannesburg, he focuses entirely on the bank. When he comes to the farm, family is the focus of his attention.”
One might be tempted to describe Michael as a consummate and pragmatic financial technocrat but that doesn’t tell the whole story. Someone who knows him well describes him as “nerdy in some ways, but not uncool.” His need to return to his roots, “to dirty his hands in the soil” with the re-purchase of the family estate, shows a more-grounded balance. But a penny dropped when I discovered that Rose had been an architect before becoming a wine farmer. Architects are special people, embracing the realms of visual delight, practicality, attention to detail and social responsibility. One can’t be married to one and not be enriched!
There’s the old adage: “If something seems to be too good to be true, it is too good to be true.” That doesn’t apply in Michael’s case, but one must ask what gave the bank the confidence to appoint Michael as CEO in 2004. He was very young – 36 at the time – which must have posed an element of risk for a bank with 30,000 staff.
“The big picture & attention to detail”
Paul Harris, former Firstrand CEO (FNB’s parent company) knows Michael very well since he worked as Paul’s business assistant for some time. So what convinced them? “Michael certainly has the intellect and academic qualifications to run the bank. However, what persuaded us is his leadership qualities and ability to see the big picture while at the same time having a great feel for the detail.”
In his blog, Murray Legg, a more recent member of Rand Merchant Bank’s Class Of programme (to attract talented young professionals with a hunger for investment banking into RMB) wrote in Lunch with Michael Jordaan: “It was fascinating to see the fluidity and breadth, as well as the depth of insight he has, not only into his business, but into the economics of the country, international competitors, and the way that he sees retail banking developing into the future.
“the best ideas for business can be constructed and realised by the staff, within branches and doing daily work.”
“Michael believes that the best ideas for business can be constructed and realised by the staff, within branches and doing daily work. There is a large amount of focus and energy dedicated to growing and supporting these innovative and entrepreneurial developments.”
Michael does have a rare clarity of vision and process, without the “reality distortion” and almost messianic charisma of both Steve Jobs and Richard Laubscher (ex-Nedbank CEO).
In the late 1990s, Nedbank was on a winning trajectory and then came close to collapse in the early 2000s. Could the same ever happen to FNB? “No,” says Michael, “FNB’s success is rooted in its corporate culture and the tone of that culture. It’s set at the top but it’s an empowering – not a hierarchical – culture.
“Within FNB, there are about 100 CEOs who run their own businesses as ‘owner-managers’. They are operationally autonomous but – as a group – strategically tight.”
One of the things I wanted to discover was where the bank gets its innovation DNA. Ever since online banking was introduced in the 1990s, FNB’s website was different to all the others. Comparing the FNB and Absa websites, FNB was totally focused on customers; Absa was more focused on selling the bank while logging in required more navigation.
Even today, when South African banks review each other’s websites, FNB comes out on top in a recent PWC survey. Don’t the other banks learn?
The same is true at ATMs. FNB remembers your preferred language, it requires far fewer keystrokes and there’s the wonderful simplicity of requests like “Get cash” rather than “Withdrawals.”
FNB does seem to build on its successes. Some years ago, I complimented Santie Botha, then marketing head at Absa, when they launched free email addresses for clients. She replied that the proposal had come from a UK company and they had run with it quickly, but had no idea where it would lead to. A few years later the bank pulled out of the venture.
Innovation that reverberates through the company
Customer-centric innovation is at the core of everything FNB does. “I’m the fortunate one who gets to present new innovations,” Michael says, “but I make the point that these are not my doing. I wish you could be a fly on the wall at one of our Exco meetings. FNB is a meritocracy – the best ideas win. You’d see new ideas brought to the table, discussed and debated, and how solutions that are finally adopted can be completely different to the original proposal. The solution is often not the proposal I originally supported.”
Bringing PayPal to SA was one of FNB’s offerings which came out of an idea from a member of staff who was prepared to run with it. “People change bureaucracies. I want the culture of innovation to reverberate throughout the company,” says Michael.
“I’d far rather have 1000 small ideas that benefit customers rather than one big idea,” he says. “That’s why the bank offers an annual prize of R1 million to the staff member that comes forward and runs with an idea that’s judged the best. I spent a week each year evaluating these suggestions. Because we had so many good ideas last year, the bank paid out almost R7 million to our staff for good ideas – that are moving forward.”
Nothing demonstrated Michael’s passion for technology better than when I said that I really don’t get FNB’s recently-launched GeoPay. His eyes lit up and he grabbed his iPhone. “How much can I send you without it being construed as a bribe?” he asked, and settled on R20. Seconds later, the R20 was in my account. The ease of transferring funds based solely on proximity, without knowing bank account details or even having an FNB account, opens up a whole new ball park. It will start with personal use, but how long before this is how you pay for goods and services?
What makes this possible is the FNB App for smartphones, and FNB is still the only SA bank offering an App.
FNB has been smart in its use of social media. M&G’s story in their Top Companies report: First with Facebook Banking points out that whereas call centres are usually run by the operations people, the new-fangled social media stuff is often set up and run by the marketing department. FNB deliberately set up its social media channels to feed into its existing customer care system.
For new and more connected users, the FNB Twitter account @rbjacobs is a far more convenient alternative to using a call centre. And using it works with efficiency that’s extremely rare!
When I left my appointment with Michael, I wanted to take a photograph of Bankcity, showing its juxtaposition to the hustle and bustle of its old Newtown neighbours – because nothing demonstrates FNB’s relationship to the communities it serves better. I was stopped from taking photos by a security guard – a frequent occurrence at many places in SA – because it’s against security policies. A tweet to @rbjacobs was answered minutes later, followed by an email interchange. Less than a week later I had a call from a really cool guy – Kagiso Nonyana, Facilities Manager – who said the issue had been taken up with FNB’s security management and “the outdated policy has been revoked and we hope you’ll come back to take photographs.” How many big companies are that fleet-footed?
FNB operates in a very unusual society – a combination of first and third worlds, and many cultures. It embraces people who enjoy standing in queues because it’s part of socialising, and those who will avoid queues at any cost. Through its offerings online, at traditional branches (some differentiated by extended banking hours) and new FNB EasyPlan branches, FNB is catering for everyone. EasyPlan (with banking fees from only R3.95 a month!) offers basic services and saw one of the fastest branch rollouts ever – about 100 branches in one year.
FNB is expanding its African footprint and recently opened in India. “There is a cultural fit and we can leverage our technological innovations, especially for cellphone banking,” he says.
“FNB’s successes are in service, innovation, reputation and the emotional affinity of its customers. Much more needs to be done when it comes to processes – making banking less cumbersome and demystifying banking.”
“... the real challenge I fear is the day an Apple or Google starts offering financial services.”
How does Michael view the competition? While he says he respects all the other banks in SA, “I’m paranoid about non-traditional entrants into the banking sector – the real challenge I fear is the day an Apple or Google starts offering financial services.” He went on to say that “only the paranoid survive” which reminds me of Raymond Ackerman’s reason for his success: “the fear of failure.”
What also sets Michael apart is that you can still see the Stellenbosch boy in him. It’s something I recognise – I was born in Stellenbosch, went to Paul Roos and the University of Stellenbosch 20 years before he did. Interviewing Michael brought back memories of how simple and straightforward life ought to and can be. I’m sure that’s the way he runs FNB – with apparent ease and a whole lot of fun.
The only question I haven’t answered is where the bank, established in 1838, gets its innovation DNA. When was that introduced into its corporate culture/gene pool? If there are any FNB historians out there, please share this with us.
Michael Jordaan: Brief CV
Chief Executive Officer | First National Bank | 2004 - present
Executive Committee Member | FirstRand Banking Group | 2000 - present
Chief Executive Officer | Customer Solutions Division-FirstRand Retail Cluster | 2002 - 2004
Chief Executive Officer | eBucks.com SA (Pty) Ltd | 2000 - 2002
Chief Executive Officer | FirstRand Property Cluster | 1999 - 2000
Chair | FNB HomeLoans | 1999 - 2000
Chief Executive Officer | Origin | 1998 - 1999
Class Of Programme | Rand Merchant Bank | 1994 - 1995
Corporate Banker | Deutsche Bank AG Frankfurt | 1992 - 1993
Management Trainee | Deutsche Bank AG Hamburg | 1991 - 1992
Commissioned Officer | South African Navy | 1990 - 1990